Types of Bunion Surgery

Orthopaedic or podiatric surgeons use many different surgical procedures to treat bunions. The common goal of these procedures is to realign the joint, relieve pain, and correct deformity. These procedures include:

 



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Repair of the Tendons and Ligaments Around the Big Toe
These tissues may be too tight on one side and too loose on the other, creating an imbalance that causes the big toe to drift toward the others. Often combined with an osteotomy, this procedure shortens the loose tissues and lengthens the tight ones.

Bunion Surgery

Arthrodesis Removal of the damaged joint surfaces, followed by the insertion of screws, wires, or plates to hold the surfaces together until it heals. Used for patients with severe bunions, severe arthritis, and when other procedures have failed.
Bunion Surgery

Exostectomy Removal of the bump on the toe joint; used only for an enlargement of the bone with no drifting of the big toe. This procedure is seldom used because it rarely corrects the cause of the bunion.
Bunion Surgery

Resection Arthroplasty Removal of the damaged portion of the joint, used mainly for patients who are older, have had previous bunion surgery, or have severe arthritis. This creates a flexible "scar" joint.
Bunion Surgery

Osteotomy The surgical cutting and realignment of the joint. Your orthopaedic surgeon will choose the procedure best suited to your condition.

Bunion Surgery

 

Bunions Causes

Causes of Bunions

  • The most important causative factor is poor fitting footwear. This accounts for an higher incidence among women than men.
  • Family history of bunions
  • Abnormal foot function, excessive pronation. Poor foot mechanics, such as excessive pronation (rolling inwards of the foot), causes a medial force which exerts pressure and can lead to the formation of bunions.
  • Rheumatoid or osteoarthritis.
  • Genetic and neuromuscular diseases, which can result in a muscular imbalance such as Down's syndrome.
  • If one leg is longer then the other, the longer leg is more inclined to develop a bunion.
  • If the ligaments in the feet are very weak.
  • In some cases, bunions can occur due to trauma or injury to the feet.
Bunions Treatment

Treatments for Bunions

  • The most common cause of a bunion is over pronation, this is when your foot rotates in too much as you walk. You really need to treat the underlying cause of the bunion as soon as possible to prevent any further damage. View the Dr Foot Pro Insoles which are for wide fitting shoes or the Slim Fit Pro for slim fitting shoes.
  • Wear wide fitting shoes, preferably with a leather upper which will allow a stretch. Avoid high heeled shoes.
  • Bunion surgery may be required in some patients, however this should only be considered when all non-surgical treatment options have been used. Bunion surgery has improved dramatically over the last 20 years but it still cannot guarantee a total recovery and often post operative complications such as calluses and corns can occur depending on the procedure used. Click here to view the different types of procedures available.
  • If your bunion becomes painful, red and swollen, try using ice on the joint and elevate the foot on a stool.
  • Bunion Night Splints can reduce the size of the bunion. This will straighten the bunion while you sleep, click here to view this product
  • A Bunion Shield can reduce the pain over the bunion. View product here
  • Performing stretches on your toes and feet while you go about your daily routine. This increases circulation, red blood cell activity, and bone realignment. The easiest way to do this is by using a soft, flexible, medical grade gel Toe stretcher which is gentle between the toes and helps to straighten your toes. View the product here

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Review: Bunions can be embarrassing, painful and hard to treat

Our bunion product range treats every aspect of a bunion. Bunion night splints correct a bunion while you sleep and can prevent the need for bunion surgery. Insoles and orthotics correct the bunion while you walk. Our silicone product range gives instant relief for painful bunions by reducing friction and irritation between adjacent toes

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