Book an appointment with Dr Foot Podiatry Clinic using SetMore Hammer Toes
Home > Foot Conditions > Hammer Toes

Hammer Toes

Introduction to Hammer Toes

Patients often refer to all forms of toe abnormalities as a hammer toe. There are in fact four main forms of toe abnormalities, hammer toes, claw toes, mallet toes and trigger toes. A hammer toe can be best described as an abnormal contraction or "buckling" of a toe. This occurs due to a partial or complete dislocation of one of the joints that form the toe.

Understanding this condition

  • As the toe continues to be deformed, it will press up against the shoe and may cause corns.
  • There are two joints in the lesser toes and one joint in the large toe. If the deformity occurs in the lesser toes and in the joint nearest the nail, it is called a mallet toe. .
  • If the deformity occurs in the lesser toes and in the joint nearest the foot, it is called a hammer toe (View hammer toe).
  • If the deformity in the lesser toes involves both of the joints, then the toe is referred to as a claw toe (View claw toe).
  • If the deformity occurs in the large toe, it is known as a trigger toe.
  • A hammer toe may be painful, especially when irritated by a shoe.
  • All four toe conditions may cause cramps in the toes, foot and leg due to the abnormal function of the tendons in the foot.
  • If a mallet toe has occurred, you are likely to suffer from a corn at the end of the toe.
  • A hammer toe may cause a corn on the top of the toe (View corn and hammer toe).
  • Infections and ulcers can also occur.
  • In severe cases a mallet toe, trigger toe, claw toe or a hammer toe may create a downward pressure on the foot, which can result in hard skin and corns on the soles of the feet.


Hammer Toes

Causes of Hammer Toes

  • Inappropriate shoes.
  • Flat feet can result in hammer toes.
  • High arched feet can also result in buckling toes.
  • A major cause is hereditary (family). All the toe conditions mentioned could be associated with hereditary factors.
  • Bunions are a major cause of hammer toes.
  • Claw toes are usually the result of poor fitting footwear. For many people, the second toe is actually longer than the big toe. Shoes are sized to fit the great toe, the second (and maybe even the third toe) will have to bend to fit into the shoe. Shoes that are pointed make matters even worse. Combine pointed shoes with high heels; the foot is under similar pressure as if it was constantly being pushed downhill into a wall.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis can also lead to bunions, which in turn can lead to hammer toes.

Treatment for Hammer Toes

  • We recommend a daily dose of toe stretches. Simply slide the soft, flexible, medical grade gel Toe Stretchers between your toes and feel the relief from hammer toes.
  • Purchase wide fitted, low heeled shoes. Running shoes are ideal.
  • Make sure that stockings, tights and socks are not too constrictive.
  • Non-medicated pads may relieve pressure away from corns and hard skin.
  • Applying an appropriate moisturizing cream will help to keep the skin soft.
  • Purchase high quality silicone products such as the silicone toe prop to cure this condition.
  • A silicone toe prop will prevent the toe from contracting any further.

Dr Foot Recommends

BEST SELLER Silicone Toe Crest with reinforced loop

£ 10.00

BEST SELLER Toe Stretcher (pair)

£ 34.99

Review: Bent-under toes need extra strong relief

Wear with any shoes, all day long - these cushions refuse to flatten out. The silicone toe crest nestles under the hammer or bent toes, relieving pressure and friction while cushioning even the most sensitive toes.

View Other Hammer Toe Products Now

Dr Foot

A quick, Secure and Easy to use Foot Store


Latest News
Ask the specialist
Latest News
Ask the specialist

Video Gallery

Customer Review

"Thank you very much for the toe stretcher I received last week. The transaction was easy and the product is easy to use and I must say I can feel my toes being pulled straight already! Thank you again!"

Mrs Stanley, UK